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tv   BBC World News  PBS  September 9, 2009 5:30pm-6:00pm EDT

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>> bbc world news is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. the newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now bbc world news. >> president obama is preparing his speech to congress. it is crunch time for health care reform. nato troops and rescue a journalist held captive by the taliban but three afghans and a british soldier dies. china has started a mass vaccinations for swine flu. welcome to bbc world news. coming up later, the heaviest rain in 80 years leaves parts of this temple under water and at least 30 people dead. -- leaves istanbul under water.
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thousands fled germany in the cracks in the iron curtain. the next few hours look crucial for barack obama and the debate over health-care reform. it is a measure of how the stakes are high, he is about to address both houses of congress. this is rare for a sitting american president. he wants to extend health insurance to 46 million who do not have it. his opponents have built a campaign on popular unease about government-run health care. -- his opponents have built a campaign. >> it is a difficult summer and
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now barack obama is trying to regain momentum. he is trying to reform health care, a huge and expensive proposition but central to his presidency. there are huge passions expressed, both for and against. tonight, he wants to rally his supporters. >> democrats and republicans understand that i am open to new ideas, that we are not being rigid and ideological but we intend to get some done -- get something done. and to dispel the myths and frankly, silliness. >> this is put about by those opposed to health care reform and this has tripped him up and down -- tripped him up. >> this is silly. i've tried to maintain a town. >> he will address both houses
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of congress. he is laying out a vision of how health care reform will work. he wants to regain the initiative. rebuilding american healthcare has been a goal for generations of politicians and few have ever had significant success. mr. obama's opponents, many of them conservatives, found their voices this summer. the plan, they argue, is expensive and unpredictable. mr. obama's party enjoys a solid majority in both houses of congress. passing this should be easy, shouldn't it? the democratic party is divided on what health care reform should look like. this has been a big test of his ability to lead. a big test of his ability to deliver the change that he promised. >> bbc world news will be
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covering this speech at midnight gmt. there will be a special edition of world news america accept 2:00 gmt. iran has handed a package of proposals on its nuclear program to the world powers concerned. they will be studied carefully. the u.s. envoy hopes that they will be constructive. this suggests that iran has enough enriched uranium to produce one nuclear weapon. israeli sources say that israel was linked to the interception of the ship arctic sea. according to our sources, israel told moscow news that they weren't carrying a russian air -- they were carrying a russian
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air system bound for iran. many more palestinians civilians were killed in the offensive in gaza and the army has confessed. researchers have established that more than 770 civilians were killed, 252 of them were children. a journalist kidnapped in afghanistan has been rescued in a raid by native troops. "new york times," reporter stephen farrell was unhurt but a british soldier and three afghans were killed. he was investigating the air strike on the two tankers. >> stephen farrell seen here on the left, the day before he was kidnapped. he had hired a free-lance afghan journalist to work with him. this morning, the journalist's
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body was given over. a british soldier also died in the fighting. the prime minister paid tribute to him and said that his sacrifice would not be forgotten. journalists are asking for an inquiry into the operation. >> he condemns the killing. he sees this as a very careless operation. they were not properly planning how to do this. >> the area was tense after an air raid on friday in which many afghan civilians were killed. the journalists' car was found abandoned on saturday and efforts were made to find them. there were several reports that negotiations were underway. once the british forces found where they were held, they started the raid. "we thought they would kill us,
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should we go out? i could hear british and afghan forces. we escaped, but someone was hit ." those of the words of a witness. >> there are many variables in these kidnaps from line to your colleague to the gentleman in baghdad. there is no cookie cutter approach, you cannot have one approach that works for all. >> foreign journalists rely heavily on foreign staffs. >> he is incredibly brave. he goes places i would not dream of going. he finds out in very important piece of information. >> the decisive nature sends a message to those taking hostage. -- those taking hostages.
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there was a high price paid in lives lost, this leaves many questions unanswered. >> when they were kidnapped, stephen farrell and his colleagues were reporting on the nato air strike. today, pakistan's president told the bbc that there should be an international investigation. he questioned why two fuel tankers were targeted when they were surrounded not by taliban fighters but civilians. >> i think that there should be an investigation and that the u.n. is already present in afghanistan. i feel that they have the mechanism. they have gone through these inquiries before. >> we have a great deal of concern about the outcome of elections in afghanistan. if hamid karzai is confirmed as
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president, do you think that the whole process will be tainted? >> he was here when i was sworn in. i will be there. that is my position. >> you are not concerned about the allegations of vote rigging? the u.n. commission has concrete evidence of fraud. some pilots have already had to be annulled. this doesn't concern you? -- some ballots have already been annulled. >> that is not need to be an extra monitor. >> you know that although pakistan is fighting the militants that this is not an all-out war. >> we lost my wife, my leader. we have done what than anyone to get there. pakistan has lost its soldiers, more than the world a together. >> when are you going to move against the taliban that are
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moving against british and american troops? >> that is what usa. >> there are sources that have confirmed that an afghan militant can move forward and back at will. your own soldiers have confessed that the border is porous. when are you going to launch a major offensive? >> if the world armies and the world budgets cannot look after that side of the border, give me more time and give me the resources that i need and we will deliver. >> pakistan's president speaking to bbc. several people have been arrested by security forces in mexico where a passenger plane carrying 100 people was hijacked and forced to land in mexico city airport. the airliner was hijacked after takeoff. the hijackers were three libyan nationals who were demanding to
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talk to the mexican president. shortly after military forces board the plane, the three men were escorted away. -- the hijackers were three bolivian national said. the crew and passengers are safe. spaia spanish judge was summoned under a complaint brought by two right-wing organizations. it is thought that he overlooked files during the franco period. african mp's have applauded the man who was convicted of the lockerbie bombing spend them -- lockerbie bombings.
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thousands of people rushed to get married today. in chinese culture, this brings longevity. this was a special occasion. health authorities in china are taking an aggressive stance on swine flu. this is the first country in the world to announce plans for mass vaccinations based on clinical trials. >> china is throwing everything it has at stopping the swine flu. the target is to vaccinate 65 million people by the end of the year. that is more than the total population of the u.k. there's not enough vaccine, so the authorities will focus on those most at risk. millions of schoolchildren will receive the vaccine. already, they are working to stop the spread among peoples. >> we checked every child's
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temperature every day before they enter the gates. i think that the school is doing enough and doing what they are capable of. >> now that the schools are back from holidays, the fear is that the virus will spread quickly, especially as winter approaches. the threat here is changing. before, it was mostly foreigners that had the virus. now, 95% of the cases of domestic and china paulson newly developed a vaccine might have i known side effects. -- china's newly developed a vaccine might have unknown side effects. >> it is hard to say what reactions could come up. >> there is a national holiday and there will be another opportunity for the virus to spread. this will not be enough to stop the swine flu in its tracks. >> .
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-- >> good to have you with us. the newly fixed hubble telescope gives never seen pictures of cosmic duty. . . -- beauty. in paris, the kiss on the cheek has been banned. this is in response to swine flu. >> paris, the city of romance, where everyone is in the mood for love. all is not well as swine flu spreads rapidly across the country. the french authorities have issued a warning. kissing spreads germs and should be avoided. some schools and businesses have now banned the traditional pat
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on the cheek greeting used by everyone from children to president's. a flu monitoring agency has announced that france might have as many as 20,000 new cases of swine flu each week. that is disputed by the health ministry. it's hot line is suggesting handshaking and caressing should be off-limits. >> office workers have agreed to take many different measures to stop the spread of the disease. such as constant hand washing and even wearing masks. many people have been given laptops to work from home in the event of a serious outbreak. while the french might be happy to give up their desks, they are unable to give up their kissing culture so readily.
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are they performing a kiss of death or just a harmless cultural practice? >> the latest headlines for you on bbc world news. president obama is about to face his toughest political challenge since taking office. he will address congress on the health care reforms. a journalist kidnapped by the taliban in afghanistan but he was rescued. a british soldier and two civilians were killed during the raid. an emergency aid relief program is under way across large parts of west africa badly hit by flooding. heavy rains have forced tens of thousands of people from their homes. senate all and niger -- senegal
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and niger are badly hit. >> a scramble to rescue possessions. these are some of the victims of the unusually heavy rain. this has made roads in accessible and it has destroyed crops and caused havoc in parts of the world already struggling against poverty. senegal is one of the worst hit countries. this has claimed at least 8 lives. more than 100 people have died in sierra leone in recent weeks. the u.n. says that since the start of the rainy season in june, are around 600,000 people have been affected. they have either been displaced or has been unable to get on with their lives as normal. most of the flooding has been in west african cities where there is often inadequate drainage.
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while this region has been hit by floods, east africa is battling drought. twin problems which analysts say will become more common due to climate change. fo>> and flash floods swept through the turkish city of istanbul. this is fueled by the worst rain in 20 water -- 280 years. -- 80 years. rescue workers worked to get people off of rooftops. this is described as a disaster. >> engulfed by floodwater, this man misses a lifeline by inches. despite the risk, his friends don't give up. moments later, they plunge into the river and into the arms of his rescuers.
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he is one of the survivors in the worst flooding that northwestern turkey has seen for 80 years. not everyone was lucky. in istanbul, seven women drowned when they became trapped in a minibus taking them to work. the death toll is rising. it is the force and speed with which the flood water has risen and it has left survivors struggling to cope. >> it was shocking that water came from nowhere and it seconds it was over the height of the car. >> helicopters and boats have been deployed to deal with the disaster, the scale of which has claimed lives. this is the second day that the region has been hit by torrential rain. in a few places, the water has
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begun to receive, the bailout has begun. this woman says she desperately needs help from the government. a government that is facing questions about why these floods have resulted in some knee dead. -- so many dead. >> apple's chief executive has returned to his role as a showman. this is after six months of medical leave. he had a liver transplant in spring. shares in the company gained nearly 1%. exactly 20 years ago, thousands of east germans began to move into austria fleeing their homeland. at midnight on the 10th of september, and during authorities open their border and thousands of people left -- 1 berrihungarian authorities opn their border and thousands of
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people left. >> this man trained as a musician in dresden. despite his great history, he saw no chance under communist rule. >> he could not trust your friends. some friends you trusted but you never knew who was a spy or not. that was quite awful, actually. >> he joined thousands who took refuge in the west german embassy in prague. and they were offered passage to west germany. to save face, the east germans insisted that they go through their territory. at dresden's station, the trains triggered off five days of rioting. thousands of people wanted to
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get on board and they erupted with fury when they were held back. the police were stunned. >> i think that this is not possible in eastern germany. never before the people do that. >> we are the people. it is our country. we must have the government of this country, not the oldest man in berlin. >> they took the government for themselves. >> a local communist leader was a reformer, he negotiated with protesters while the communist leadership in berlin stayed frozen within decision. >> between the leaders, there was an atmosphere of mistrust. no one would talk to anyone else.
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little groups formed outside of the bureau but there is no agreement. in this situation, no one was talking. no decisions could be reached. no agreements on the reforms that were needed. >> this brought to surface all of the despair and resentment felt by east germans. the east german communists unleashed the forces they have been trying to suppress. they created a popular opposition which was spread until it blew away 1st the berlin wall and then the entire country. >> for nearly 20 years, stunning pictures of galaxies and stars. now, the hubble telescope has been given a new camera and its first images are stunning. we have been looking at what has been sent back to earth. >> for years, the hubble space telescope has captured the
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beauty and majesty of the universe. these pictures of the best yet. this one is a dying star, its contents spilled out like the wings of a cosmic butterfly. inside of this cluster is a start being born. these are pictures taken using a new camera on hubble. it is able to see things in the universe that have never been seen before. >> these instruments give hubble a fantastic ability and a class it has not had before. it shows you more details. it shows you things that are further away and more exciting. >> 3, 2, 1, lift off of the space shuttle with the hubble telescope. >> hubbell was launched in 1990. it gave us a completely new view of the universe. -- the hubble telescope was launched in 1990.
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it is able to capture stunning images. some of these are so far away that they occurred billions of years ago. for 20 years, hubble has sent back pictures that have thrilled and inspired generations. these photographs have become iconic. this made it more than just a space telescope. >> this has really captured the enthusiasm that many of us have for astronomy. >> what a beautiful space. >> astronauts completed the final servicing mission earlier this year but before the telescope ends its days, there are more stunning pictures to come. >> just before we leave you, a reminder of our main stories. president obama is preparing to
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address both houses of congress on health care reform. he wants to clarify the details of his proposal. this is an answer to criticism about him being too vague. you can get much more any time you want it on >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. the newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you?
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>> i'm julia stiles. >> i'm kevin bacon. >> i'm kim cattrall. >> hi, i'm ken burns. >> i'm lili taylor. >> i'm henry louis gates jr., and public broadcasting is my source for news about the world. >> for intelligent conversation. >> for election coverage you can count on. >> for conversations beyond the sound bites. >> a commitment to journalism. >> for deciding who to vote for. >> i'm kerri washington, and public broadcasting is my source for intelligent connections to my community. >> bbc world news was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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